Oldest Caves in Indonesia

6 Oldest Caves in Indonesia

Indonesia’s allure surpasses its stunning landscapes and the “eat pray love” vibes. In this beautiful place lies a world of mystery and history – ancient caves that have witnessed the passage of time for thousands of years. 

From the enchanting island of Java to the far reaches of Papua, Indonesia harbors some of the world’s oldest caves, each holding stories etched in stone. In this journey, we delve into the top 6 oldest caves in Indonesia, unveiling the rich tapestry of natural wonders, ancient art, and deep history that lie hidden beneath the surface.

6. Jomblang Cave

Location: Gunungkidul, Yogyakarta
Period: Estimated to be thousands of years old
Important Feature: “Light of Heaven” phenomenon

Jomblang CavePhoto Source: Wikimedia Commons

Jomblang Cave is found in Yogyakarta’s Gunungkidul area, and its vast chambers and formations are a captivating time capsule. Jomblang Cave is renowned for its unique “Light of Heaven.” This mesmerizing phenomenon occurs as sunlight passes through a massive hole, casting a glow into the depths of the cave. 

​​Jomblang Cave offers a unique and unforgettable adventure, combining natural wonder, historical intrigue, and the excitement of exploration into one remarkable journey.

Did you know?

At Jomblang cave, adventurers lower themselves into the cave using ropes, going down about 15 to 20 meters.

5. Pindul Cave

Location: Gunungkidul, Yogyakarta
Period: Ancient history
Important Feature: Unique river tubing experience

Pindul CavePhoto Source: Wikipedia

Pindul Cave is located in the Gunungkidul region of Yogyakarta, adding to the area’s reputation as a hub of natural beauty and adventure. Pindul Cave offers a unique river tubing experience. Visitors can glide along an underground river that winds through the cave’s enchanting passages. 

Did you know?

The underground river inside Pindul Cave stretches for approximately 350 meters, providing a thrilling and immersive journey through the heart of the cave.

4. Cokro Cave

Location: Gunungkidul, Yogyakarta
Period: Ancient times
Important Feature: Intricate stalactites and stalagmites formations

Cokro CavePhoto Source: Keliling Nusanthara

Amid Gunungkidul’s treasures lies Cokro Cave. Its walls are adorned with formations resembling curtains and the Indonesian keris dagger. At a depth of 18 meters, visitors encounter stunning stalactites and stalagmites shaped by nature over millennia.

Did you know?

Cokro Cave’s intricate beauty unveils the Earth’s artistic craftsmanship in vivid detail.

3. Gong Cave

Location: Pacitan, East Java
Period: Ancient history
Important Feature: Echoing stalactites and stalagmites sounds

Gong CavePhoto Source: Toplist

Found in Pacitan, East Java, Gong Cave gets its name from the echoing sounds it holds. The formations of stalactites and stalagmites are mesmerizing. Colored lights enhance the experience, illuminating the ancient formations that time has created.

Did you know?

Gong Cave’s melodious name is inspired by the echoing sounds of its unique formations.

2. Beloyot Cave

Location: Berau, East Kalimantan
Period: Over 10,000 years old
Important Feature: Houses ancient human paintings and tracings

Beloyot CavePhoto Source: Indonesia tourism

In Berau, East Kalimantan, Beloyot Cave’s history dates back 10,000 years. It houses ancient human paintings and tracings, providing a glimpse into our ancestors’ lives. The journey to the cave through lush forests adds to the experience.

Did you know?

The cave’s hidden treasures include fascinating tracings of ancient human hands and hunting scenes.

1. Pangkep Cave Complex

Location: South Sulawesi
Period: Prehistoric era
Important Feature: Vast complex with interconnected caves

Pangkep Cave ComplexPhoto Source: UNESCO

Pangkep Cave Complex is one of the oldest caves in Indonesia. The Pangkep Cave complex in South Sulawesi is a unique treasure with 268 interconnected caves. Fifty caves hold traces of ancient humans, showcasing prehistoric artworks and insights into our past.

Did you know?

The caves in the Maros-Pangkep karst hold the world’s earliest known figurative art, dating back over 43,900 years.


Indonesia’s ancient caves, from the captivating “Light of Heaven” in Jomblang Cave to the historical treasure trove of Pangkep Cave Complex, provide a unique window into the distant past. Each cave’s location, age, and unique features contribute to the rich history and natural wonders that have been hidden beneath the surface for thousands of years. 

These caves stand as a testament to the enduring beauty and historical significance of Indonesia’s landscape.

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